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European Standards for loadings

Common European Standards have been prepared to cover all aspects of design. Loadings are dealt with in Eurocode 1 (EN 1991), Actions on structures. The various parts of BS EN 1991 are given below, along with the year of publication. Following publication there will be a period of consultation during which the European Standards will coexist with British Standards. In due course British Standards will be withdrawn, being completely replaced by the European Standards.

BS EN 1991-1-1: 2002, General actions. Densities, self-weight and imposed loads for buildings
BS EN 1991-1-2: 2002, General actions. Actions on structures exposed to fire
BS EN 1991-1-3: 2003, General actions. Snow loads
BS EN 1991-1-4: 2005, General actions. Wind actions
BS EN 1991-1-5: 2004, General actions. Thermal actions
BS EN 1991-1-6: 2005, General actions. Actions during execution
BS EN 1991-1-7: 2006, Accidental actions
BS EN 1991-2: 2003, Traffic loads on bridges
BS EN 1991-3: 2006, Actions induced by cranes and machinery
BS EN 1991-4: 2006, Silos and tanks.

National Annexes to 1991-1-1 and 1991-1-3 have been published.

Acknowledgement: The Concrete Society


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