Acids and concrete
Acids generally attack the surface of concrete by dissolving the matrix leading to surface disintegration.
Concrete is attacked by most acids. The table shows the rate of attack of various common acids. Acids may become more concentrated due to evaporation and this can lead to an increased rate of attack.
|Rate of attack at ambient temperature
||Inorganic (mineral) acids
* When concentrated, otherwise slow
** When concentrated, not as milk
Many acids are the products of reactions of other substances that may, in themselves, be harmless or may only be present in low concentrations in these substances. These are outlined in the section headed ‘Action of other substances’.